A bar is available in the Theater offering few things to eat during the interval.
You may also visit the theater during the day, audioguides are available in english. During day time, the bar aslo serves complete lunch in the beautiful Salle Apolinee.
In the history of opéra, the city of Venice occupies an eminent position. In 1637, here in the doges city, the first public opéra theater was opened to paying members of the public. This was a turning point, breaking with the tradition of court performances, and the opéra house in Venice soon attracted a new audience, presenting works that blatantly alternated scènes ofhigh comedy and high tragedy, butfocusing more importantly on the "prima donna" and soon the "primo uomo". Le. the castrato. A number of theaters subsequently appeared in Venice and in the seventeenth century, the works ofHândel and Alessandro Scarlatti were public triumphs.
In 1787, "La Nobile Società", the owner of a theater that had recently been expropriated, decided to build a new hall designed to please both the eye and the ear. The élégant building, with two main entrances, one on the canal and the other on a piazza, underwent various changes over the years, particularly after the fire in 1836, but, like the Phoenix whose name it bears, it rose from the ashes.
On the night of 29 January 1996, for the second time in its history, fire devastated the theatre. The interior was completely destroyed and only the foundations survived. The theatre is totally reconstructed “the way it was, where it was” and re-open for a week of inauguration on 14 December 2003. The Return of the great La Fenice theatre is officaly in November 2004 with La Traviata, the opera by Verdi which premiered in this exact theatre.
Agreement is universal as to the future of the historié theater which is not only acclaimed as one of the most handsome in Italy, but also holds a long and brilliant record for premiering new works. From Rossini with TANCREDI in 1813 to Luigi Nono with INTOLLERANZA in 1960, ail the great Italian composers have seen their finest works presented here. Verdi premiered five of his opéras to Venetian audiences at La Fenice — ERNANI, ATTILA, RIGOLETTO, LA TRAVIATA and SIMON BOCCANEGRA, and ever since the Italian premières of RIENZI and the RING CYCLE by Wagner, La Fenice hasfeatured many international premières, including three major 20th century opéras: Stravinsky's RAKE'S PROGRESS (1951), Britten's TURN OF THE SCREW (1954) and Prokoflev's THE FIERY AN GEL (1955).
Work Approximate Running Time : 135 mn
SUNG IN ITALIAN
LA TRAVIATA: AN EXCITING AND PASSIONATE OPERA
La Traviata by Giuseppe Verdi is a popular opera played over three parts, and set to a beautiful Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave.
Telling the tale of a fallen woman, the opera is based on an original play adapted from a novel entitled 'La Dame aux Camélias' by Alexandre Dumas, the younger son of the famous French writer. Though both Verdi and Piave wished to adhere to Dumas' contemporary setting, authorities at La Fenice were adamant that it should be set in the 1700's. It was only in the 1880's that the opera was finally performed in the contemporary setting that Verdi had intended. However, it was not well recieved until it was again revised.
The most performed opera in the world according to Operaboard 2012/2013, and certainly one of the most popular, La Traviata is set in early 18th century Paris and tells the tale of Violetta, a courtesan.
A fabulous party is thrown to celebrate the recovery from illness of famous Parisian courtesan, Violetta Valéry. Count Gastone has brought along his friend, the young noble Alfredo Germont who is in love with Violetta. Gastone tells Violetta that during her illness Alfredo visited her home every daym abnd she wonders if he could be 'the one'. However, Violetta's lover Baron Douphol is not impressed and refuses to toast her creating the opening for Alfredo to sing a drinking song in her honour.
Violetta has given up her life in Paris and has moved with Alfredo to her country home. Annina the maid has been to Paris to sell Violetta's belongings to support them and when Alfredo discovers this he leaves for Paris. Alfredo's father, Giorgio Germont visits Violetta to beg her to break up with his son since her reputation is ruining his daughter's engagement. She finally agrees and is seen weeping alone. Leaving a farewell note with her servant for Alfredo, Violetta leaves for Paris.
Scene 2: Party at Flora's house
Everyone is shocked to hear of the break up of Violetta and Alfredo. She arrives at the party with Baron Douphol. Alfredo says it will be he who leaves with her and wins a lot of money at the gambling table. Alfredo won't believe that Violetta no longer loves him and forces her to say that she is in love with the Baron. Alfredo throws the money at Violetta to 'pay for her services'. Giorgio enters looking for his son Alfredo and immediately realises what has happened. The Baron and Alfredo decide to fight a duel.
Her tuberculosis has returned and Violetta doesn't have long to live when a letter from Alfredo's father informing her that the Baron was only wounded. He has told Alfredo of the sacrifice Violetta made for him and his sister. It is too late and Violetta is aware of this when Alfredo rushes in. She dies in his arms.
THE MAIN ROLES
Violetta Valéry - courtesan (soprano)
Alfredo Germont - a young noble (tenor)
Giorgio Germont - Alfredo's father (baritone)
Annina - maid (soprano)
Barone Douphol - Violetta's lover and Alfredo's rival (baritone)
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